Eleven have succeeded.
Every contender vying to become the first Triple Crown winner since Affirmed in 1978 is a Cinderella — a term not commonly used to describe long-shot sports teams back then — and his proving ground is a grueling slog that hearkens back to a different era. If he can somehow get through it, I'll Have Another will prove that he belongs with elite company.
"People have mentioned changing the Triple Crown," trainer Graham Motion, whose colt Animal Kingdom won the 2011 Kentucky Derby but finished second at the Preakness, has said. "But if it's hard, that's what makes it significant. The history is what makes it."
There was no plan for the Triple Crown as we know it. The term was coined by a writer in the 1930s, well after Sir Barton won the three races in 1919, and the challenge grew organically because the best 3-year-olds happened to make their way from Louisville, Ky., to Baltimore to New York each spring.
Then, as now, there was little warning for when a horse good — and lucky — enough might be on the horizon. I'll Have Another, after all, was purchased for a paltry $35,000. A year ago, he was another promising horse in the stable of Doug O'Neill, a successful California-based trainer who had reached the Kentucky Derby only once, with two horses in 2007. They finished 13th and 14th.
Chances to sweep the American classics for 3-year-olds, run in a five-week period, come along at indeterminate intervals. Big Brown tried most recently, in 2008, but faltered without even making a run down the stretch in New York.
The jockey who rode Big Brown has already said I'll Have Another won't be able to win.
"A first-time jockey will be lost. I don't care how much you try to explain it," Desormeaux told The Daily early last week. "And a first-time horse will be lost, equally. If you think you can bring a horse here and introduce him to Belmont Park a few days before the Belmont Stakes, you have wronged yourself."
Team O'Neill — as O'Neill's large crew of assistants, valets, grooms and even a equine chiropractor is called — took I'll Have Another to New York less than 12 hours after the Preakness on May 19. He has run over the track there well, according to assistant Jack Sisterson, and galloped for a second time there Saturday.
"I think [the surface is] a little deeper, so the feel is different for him," Sisterson said. "But he seems to be liking it fine."
Motion considers the track at Belmont to be "more sandy" than most tracks.
"A track that long," he said, "makes it hard to keep water on it. By the time they get it all covered, it's started drying."
Belmont is 11/2 miles (both the track and the race). The Kentucky Derby is run at a length of 11/4 miles over a one-mile track; Preakness is 1 3/16 miles over a one-mile track.
Which is why Desormeaux thinks I'll Have Another won't be piloted correctly.
"When you're on a mile track as a jockey, it's time to start prepping forward when you hit the last turn," he said. "The horses learn it and think it's time to go because that's what they know and that's what they're trained [for]. As a jockey, when you get to Belmont Park, you have to mediate it, and that's very difficult."
Mario Gutierrez, the 25-year-old jockey who hadn't raced in a Triple Crown race before this year, has been offering his doubters a retort since he first stepped off I'll Have Another after winning in Kentucky.
"A lot of people thought I was going to melt down there," he said. "You know what? The horse is going to take me there. I believe in the horse."